What are steroids?
You must have read or heard very often that a certain sports person is punished with a lifelong banishment as a punishment of using steroid while participating in an athletic event. To common people steroids are certain drugs or medicines that enhance the physical capabilities of a person. But this is not all about the steroids; there is lot more to understand.
The core reasons for using steroids is certain unfit medical conditions to be treated to let the life of patient, return on normal track. Two types of steroids are used medically- Corticosteroids and Anabolic steroids. Let’s first understand the difference between these two-
Corticosteroids– These are the lesser notorious steroids since their basic use is in treating allergies and autoimmune diseases. They are not at all used as body builder drugs. For example prednisone well-known steroids used in treating asthma and many other lung diseases
Anabolic Steroids– Anabolic steroids are the one that I was earlier discussing about. They are produced artificially and actually imitate working of male sex hormone- testosterone. They are professionally prescribed for treating puberty related problems in patients who deal with body-wasting due to cancer or AIDS. But these are the ones actually abused by athletes and sports persons. Read more here!
Both corticosteroids and Anabolic steroids can be consumed by inhaling, orally as tablets, injected in body or rubbing on skin. Now a days you can buy steroids online, so its unchecked usage is creating many problems.
How do steroids work?
Anabolic steroids work by promoting the growth of muscles and enhancing the male characteristics of puberty in the person who intakes it. With its consumption, these artificial drug molecules travel by riding on the blood stream to the muscle tissue. They finally land into the muscle cell’s androgen receptor. When they enter the muscle cell, the anabolic steroids interacts with DNA of host cell and activates the protein synthesis process leading to cell growth and resulting in an attractive and muscular body. Some countries allow buying legal steroids but only on prescription of a registered medical practitioner.
On the other hand Corticosteroids treats certain medical conditions like allergies as it blocks the effects of chemicals which stimulate the immune system to create symptoms like inflammation in body. But along with that they can disturb the routine activity of WBCs, which destroy viruses and bacteria leading to various illnesses.
Why are steroids dangerous?
Steroids must be taken under strict observation of a medical professional who have been legally permitted to prescribe them. To buy steroids in UK you must get prescription from a doctor. Unnecessary intake can produce some very serious side effects. These side effects are enhanced hunger, increased weight, unstable emotions and mood, losing the muscular strength, imprecise vision, body hair growth, excessive bruising and bleeding due to minor injuries, catching infections easily, weakened bone, deterioration of diabetes, high blood pressure, instability of nerves, restlessness, lesser sleep, body swelling and higher risk of cataracts or glaucoma.